The Religious Dimensions of Toni Morrison's Literature | Sojourners
This contradiction within the novel is the challenge that Morrison presents on the notion of heaven. What exactly is paradise and who does it accommodate? Is heaven a place for freedom? And if so, is that possible if there are restrictions? According to Carrasco and Paulsell, the inspiration for the lecture was partially drawn from her books, like her short novel Home.
Many discuss the way Morrison centers womanhood and blackness within her work, but these themes would not be fully expressed without spiritual context. Her work shows the complexity of black religion, churches, and beliefs. In a subtle way, Morrison paints the picture of her critique. A religion forced upon a community is now ironically the foundation of their own prejudices and contradictions, and yet they have formed it into home. This is Black life: complex and at times contradictory, but beautiful, evolving, and necessary.
Meagan Jordan is a culture writer based in the tri-state area.
She focuses on issues surrounding race, identity, sexuality, and religion and pays attention to how these themes formulate the thread of culture. Skip to main content. By using sojo.
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Magazine Current Issue Write for Sojourners. Subscribe Magazine Preaching the Word Newsletters. Jim Wallis. Speakers Bureau. Aug 23, Meagan Jordan. Got something to say about what you're reading? We value your feedback! Send Message. Apostasy: From the Greek word apostasis, meaning "rebellion," and the Latin word apostasia, meaning "abandonment," the term apostasy refers to a renunciation of the Christian faith.
The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society applies the label apostate to former Jehovah's Witnesses, who are then shunned by all Witnesses in good standing. Apostle: From the Greek word apostolos, meaning "messenger," the term apostle refers to those leaders of the early Christian church who were chosen by Jesus. The criteria for being an apostle was 1 the individual was personally chosen by Christ; and 2 the individual must have personally seen Christ. Members of the top two quorums of leadership in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints claim the title today.
Apostolic Churches: A branch of Pentecostalism including several denominations as well as independent churches with the name "Apostolic"; many but not all Apostolic churches adhere to Oneness Pentecostalism. Apostolic Overcoming Holiness of God, Inc. Salvation depends upon baptism, tarrying to receive the Holy Spirit, and holiness. Publishes The People's Mouthpiece magazine. Applewhite, Marshall: See Heaven's Gate. Applied Kinesiology: New Age diagnostic technique sometimes called "muscle testing.
Aquarian Academy, Robert E. Man's purpose is to reach the transcendental plane, release from the wheel of fate, astral projection , meditation , cosmic truths. Similar to Unitarian-Universalist. Publishes the Fiery Synthesis magazine. Dowling, a New Age , apocryphal story supposedly based on the Akashic Records. Publishes the Panegyria newsletter. Based on the teachings of Alice Bailey see Arcane School. Publishes the Thoughtline newsletter.
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Arefu: Company created and owned by Japanese doomsday-cult Aum Shinri Kyo for real estate brokering, financing and seminars. On January 18, , the cult announced it was also changing its own name to Arefu Aleph , in English. See Church of God, International. Armstrong, Herbert W. Armstrongism: The doctrines and religious movement originating with Herbert W.
Armstrong rejected such essential doctrines of evangelical Christianity as the Trinity , the full deity of Jesus Christ , and the personality of the Holy Spirit. Armstrong taught British Israelism and believed that worthy humans could eventually "become God as God is God. Under the leadership of Armstrong's successors, Joseph W. Scores of splinter groups, such as the Global Church of God and the United Church of God , continue to teach various forms of Armstrongism. Arn Draiocht Fein, P. Publishes News from the Mother Grove newsletter.
Aromatherapy: Holistic health practice of seeking to heal certain diseases or illnesses by inhaling scented steam or fragrances. See Aromatherapy. Publishes The Runestone newsletter. Ascended Master Teaching Foundation, Mt.
The Religious Dimensions of Toni Morrison's Literature
Occult , New Age belief in alleged teachers or masters who live on an astral plane as non-physical entities beyond time and space. They can supposedly communicate spiritual truths to humans through channeling or other occult techniques. Membership includes Jesus , Buddha , St. See Sacred Name movement. Publishes The Faith. Associates for Scriptural Knowledge, Ernest L. Teaches universalism , i. Martin was fired by the Foundation for Biblical Research an Armstrongism splinter group in Alhambra, CA in for espousing these doctrines. Riverside, CA: New Age , reincarnation and astrology.
Association for Research and Enlightenment A. Publishes Voice of Astara. Usually a "cord" is said to connect the soul and body at all times. Also called astral travel. Astrology: An ancient fatalistic system of divination using the position of the planets, moon and sun in the twelve Zodiac positions at the moment of one's birth to gain occult or hidden knowledge of the future. Astrology and Psychic News, N. Hollywood, CA: New Age periodical.
Atheism: The assertion, to be taken on faith, that there is no God. Some atheists, such as Madalyn Murray-O'Hair, have fought to prevent any recognition of God in public life. See American Atheists, Inc. Purported to have been a highly advanced civilization. New Agers often claim to have recovered lost mystical wisdom and knowledge from Atlantis, sometimes through channeling.
Atman: A term used in Hinduism referring to the eternal or real self and sometimes refering to the principle of life in all things.
At-one-ment: Term used by several Mind Science or New Thought religions such as Christian Science referring to the supposed metaphysical unity or "oneness" of human beings and God as demonstrated by Christ. Contrast the Christian term "atonement," which refers to Christ's death on the cross as the means by which he reconciled sinful human beings to God. Police raiding cult compounds discovered stockpiles of nerve gas and the basic ingredients of biological warfare. Sect leaders have been charged with abduction and "murder preparation. The sect has followers in other countries including the U.
On January 18, , the cult announced it was changing its name to Arefu Aleph , in English. Aura: A subtle light or energy field said to surround people or objects. Mystics explain that from the color of the aura, a person's emotional and intellectual moods can be determined. Author Services, Inc. Automatic Writing: Inspired from the spirit world, the writer has no conscious muscular control of his hands or arms.
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Found in many occult and New Age groups. Avatar: Hindu concept of an earthly manifestation of one of the gods in human or animal form, e. Avatar, Flagstaff, AZ: New Age seminars similar to est and Lifespring , enables participant to have conscious shift of beliefs. Awareness Research Foundation, Inc. Teaches the balancing of vibrational centers for health through diet, exercise, herbs, and purification procedures. Bailey, Alice: Founder of the Arcane School. Often used as a symbol of Satan , especially in Satanism , and depicted as a Goat's Head symbol, an upside down five-pointed star cf.
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If these dead persons then accept the LDS gospel while in Spirit Prison, they can potentially attain full salvation or godhood exaltation.